AQUABLAST

BECCLES, SUFFOLK, U.K.

Natural gas production in older United Kingdom North Sea gas fields is tailing off, forcing energy companies to finance major decommissioning works. Platforms and all their gas processing equipment are required by British and Norwegian law to be entirely removed after shutdown right down to the seabed.

Jet Edge abrasive waterjets are perfectly suited to steel-cutting in volatile gas-laden atmospheres. An increasing number of offshore operators are turning to spark-free “cold cutting” to carry out the removal of redundant oil and gas production hardware safely.

Aquablast, Jet Edge’s UK distributor, recently cut up obsolete contractor towers on a live gas platform. The towers operated by the french oil company Perenco in the 40 year-old Indefatigable Gas Field off the Norfolk coast of England, were constructed of 70 mm heavy steel plate (2 3/4 inches think) and weighed in at over 300 tons. Perenco called in Aquablast to cut the towers int smaller cylindrical sections o the platform’s crane could lift the towers on its own.

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Aquablast cut 70 mm heavy plate (2 3/4 inches thick) steel contractor towers into smaller cylindrical sections.

A Jet Edge Spyder abrasive waterjet unit was used to make the deep circular cuts, but first a “mailbox” cut was made to allow internal inspection to decide exactly where to make the tower seperations. Abrasive waterjet power came from a Jet Edge 55-260DXS diesel driven mobile hydraulic intensifier pump with specially adapted engines for hazardous area operation.

The pressure compensated hydraulic intensifier – the heart of the Jet Edge system, which can produce up to 55,000 psi operating pressures – has a major advantage over other systems in hazardous environments because safety relief valves and water dump systems are not required. In the unlikely event of a blockage, the Jet Edge intensifier simply holds its pressure until the reason for the stoppage is corrected or the pressure can be safely bled off.

Aquablast has modified a fleet of Jet Edge mobile intensifier pumps to comply with offshore oil and gas platform regulations. These modifications include installing inlet air overspeed shutdown valves and other emergency shutdown provisions.

“OUR REPUTATION FOR DEPENDABILITY AND MINIMAL DOWNTIME IS VITAL TO OUR CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP, AND JET EDGE IS EXTREMELY RELIABLE.”

– DONALD BLAIR, MANAGING DIRECTOR, AQUABLAST

“Jet Edge UHP intensifiers are extremely reliable. This is critical because equipment cannot be quickly replaced in the middle of the North Sea, for logistical and often weather-related reasons. Our reputation for dependability and minimal downtime is therefore vital to our customer relationships,” explained Donald Blair, Aquablast’s Managing Director and longtime Jet Edge support partner in Europe.

The 2 3/4″ thick cuts were made at an average cutting speed of over 1 3/4 inches per minute with a consumption of almandine garnet abrasive of approximately 23 lbs. per foot (29 kgs per meter).

According to Blair, Perenco (UK) Ltd. declared themselves “very impressed” with the super-thick cut and how the work was carried out in a safe manner with only minor interference to other works on a live North Sea gas installation.

They Spyder system is highly portable and quick to set up. Straight or flexible track sections are secured either by suction cups, magnets, or ratchet straps to curved or vertical surfaces. The cutting nozzle transport unit is pneumatically driven, avoiding any risk of ignition in a volatile atmosphere. The tower sections were safely transported to shore in England for scrapping, but the tree-ton cap of one fo the towers was donated to Aquablast by Perenco to enable more trials and development to be carried out in expectation of future cold-cutting tasks for the Jet Edge Spyder abrasive waterjet system.